|Panchakarma is the Ayurveda term
used for five purification procedures operated for cleansing and detoxification the body. These procedures have great importance in the Ayurvedic system of medicine and are applied in almost all diseases – as discussed in the Ayurveda classics
PANCHAKARMA treatment has three main stages:
POORVA KARMA includes preparatory measures such as the administration of oleation and fomentation (snehana and swedana) before the main specific treatment – Poorva Karma is done five, seven or ten days, sometimes a little longer if the healing of a long term problem is being attempted.
Nirāma: Ayurveda Detoxification
The range of Ayurvedic detoxification therapies include herbal oil massage or heat treatments or combination of both, along with elimination programs to cleanse internally. The actual cleansing therapies will vary from person to person depending on the body type. In the Ayurvedic system, every individual falls into one of three dominant body types known as prakriti. One of the most important Ayurvedic detoxification procedures is massage with warm oil with added herbs. Warm oil massage and sweat therapies increase circulation in order to purify blood and prepare the body to eliminate the toxic residuals from their respective tissues and vessels. This approach is unique in that it insures that the underlying tissues are not damaged by the elimination procedures mentioned above. Ayurvedic massageis the best Ayurvedic treatment having advantages for conditions such as anxiety, insomnia, hypertension and psychiatric problems, paralysis, other neurological disorders and senile dementia. It is essential that the body become receptive so that it is capable of absorbing healing properties and assimilating what is being taken and that the accumulated wastes and toxins are eliminated. Ayurveda recommends detoxification programs once every season for normal individuals as a way of preparing the body for the next season, reflecting the preventative aspect of this healing system. Also one should continue and update the outcomes of such detoxification therapy to gain and maintain optimal health benefits.
PRADHANA KARMA is the main treatment which contains the five following cleansing procedures.
Virēchana – purgation therapy
Vasti – herbal and/or oil decoction enemas
Vamana – emesis therapy